According to the Archaeological and genetic investigations, human existence was there in the northern Yukon region from 24,500 BC and in southern Ontario from 7,500 BC. They arrived by crossing Bering land bridge (Beringia) which had formed between Asia and Alaska during the latest Ice Age (Wisconsin glaciation)..
At that time, Aboriginal peoples were blocked by the Laurentide ice sheet that covered most of Canada, which restricted them to Alaska for thousands of years. The uniqueness of Canadian Aboriginal civilization included permanent settlement, agriculture, complex community structures and buying & selling system. In the late 15th century, the aboriginal people is estimated to have been between 0.2 million and 2 million.
More permanent European visits came in the 16th and 17th century, as the French settled here. In 1497, the first European explorers came across established settlements all over along the coast of America. The European explorers became settlers, soldiers, farmers, governors, and eventually administrators who placed the natives on reservations and developed a completely new civilization in the Americas. However, they not only brought settlers, treasure hunters and new religion to the new humankind, they also brought alcohol, disease, and weapons which would change the lives of the inhabitants forever. As an effect of the European migration, Canada’s aboriginal peoples suffered from repeated outbreaks of newly introduced infectious diseases to which they had no natural immunity, resulting in decline in the centuries after the European arrival.
Europeans did business much of their lands with the British in 1763, and after the American Revolution, many British Loyalists settled in Canada. With the passing of the British North America Act the British government granted the request of the French and English leaders of the colony of Canada, the status of a self-governing country on July 1, 1867.
More definitive independence came in 1931 with the Statute of Westminster, and in 1982 with the repatriation of Canada’s constitution.
French was made equal to English throughout the Canadian national government in 1969.
During the second half of the 20th century, a few citizens of the French speaking province of Quebec have wanted freedom, but two leaders have been defeated, although slightly in the last case.
During the end of the 20th Century, the Liberals were returned to power, the traditional plans were fragmented and economic responsibility became the new tune for Federal government. This was a period of hi-tech hyper growth. The internet altered the world and people’s lives on every level. The markets exploded and banged with new technology companies beating the old industrial giants as the leading in the globe. A complete new age group of young Canadians embraced the latest economy. Canada started to evaluate its representation and responsibility in the global affairs.